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thod rgal/
ID:
T85193
  • ཐོད་རྒལ (Tibetan, Tibetan script, Original)
    • >  thod rgal/ (Tibetan, Latin script, Transliteration-THL Extended Wylie Transliteration)
    • >  tögel (Tibetan, Latin script, Transcription-THL Simplified Tibetan Transcription)

A term for one of the two main contemplative systems in the Seminal Heart (snying thig) tradition of the Great Perfection (rdzogs chen), the other being “breakthrough” (khregs chod). It signifies a type of cultivated spontaneous imagery culminating in visions of maṇḍalas of Buddhas. It is described as a direct and quick path; hence, the etymological root of the term.

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A term used in Buddhist scholastic literature to signify that one "skips through" a gradated sequence of contemplative or ritual actions, i.e., some of the phases are "skipped" or "leaped over" as one progresses through the sequence.

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In Great Seal Literature (phyag rgya chen po, Skt. Mahāmudrā), the term evidently can be used in a somewhat derogatory fashion to signify someone who has only “evanescent” realization in contrast to the “instantaneous” (cig car ba) realization of the best of practitioners. This use of the term to signify a half-way house between the gradual and instantaneous approaches to realization may have a polemical tone that targets the prominent Nyingma (rnying ma) valorization of the term to signify one of its highest contemplative traditions.

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Other Dictionaries

Other Dictionaries

1. Dan Martin Dictionary

Crossover. A 'leap-over' on the Path to Enlightenment. A special practice of Ati-yoga. Klong-chen-pa 8.9 comm. Rnying Rgyud 1982 I 685.6. Germano, Poetic Thought 841. Gyatso, Apparitions 301-2. Guenther, Buddhist Philosophy 230, n. 23. This term appears in the Abhidharmako'sa. See the English version, p. 968, where 'phar, Skt. pluta, 'jumper,' cognate to English 'float,' is one who is able to leap over, without abiding in, the intermediate states. The text of the commentary also defines the 'half-jumper' (ardhapluta, phyed-'phar). The term thod-rgal itself occurs in Abhidharmakośa, chap. 8 (English version, p. 1248, where it is translated 'transitional absorption'). lar gang zag dbang po rab thod rgal du grol ba yang yod. Zhi-byed Coll. II 320.3. snying rje thod rgal du skye ba yin. Zhi-byed Coll. V 264.5.

2. Ives Waldo Dictionary

  • 1) w stages skipped/ out of order, bypass [gradual steps], skip the grades; 2) All-surpassing realization of spontaneous presence [gd]; 3) [instantaneous] passing over, by passing [lit. to for the skull] overpass, instantaneous directness, crossing [over/ above/ in 1 leap/ in leaps and bounds.; 3) evanescent realization; 4) teleportational reconcealment [?]; 5) the three progressions; 6) 1st/ 4th of the four consolidations according to All-surpassing realization; 7) thogal [practice],

  • 1) not keeping to the usual order; 2) lhun grub thod rgal [instantaneous] passing over/ directness [by passing [lit. to for the skull] or to overpass, instantaneous directness, crossing [over/above/ in 1 leap/ in leaps and bounds] 3) evanescent realization. 4) teleportational reconcealment [?] 5) the three progressions སྣ་ཟིན་. grabbing the nose, གཏན་ལ་ཕེབས་. becoming [?], རྫོག་. - completion] 6) All-surpassing realisation [gdmk]: 1st OR 4th of the four consolidations according to All-surpassing realisation [gdmk] skip the grades, bypass [gradual steps], thogal, transcending from the level of the forehead or peak

  • 1) w stages skipped/ out of order [rim pa 'chol ba . Rim pa 'og ma nas gong du thod rgal gyis 'dzegs pa]; 2) lhun grub thod rgal; 3) [instantaneous] passing over, by passing [lit. to for the skull] overpass, instantaneous directness, crossing [over/ above/ in 1 leap/ in leaps and bounds.; 3) evanescent realization; 4) teleportational reconcealment [?] 5) the three progressions སྣ་ཟིན་. grabbing the nose, གཏན་ལ་ཕེབས་. becoming [?], [?] རྫོག་. - completion] (6) All-surpassing realisation [gd] 1st/ 4th of the four consolidations according to All-surpassing realisation, thogal [practice], bypass [gradual steps], skip the grades [Notes: str--thod - forehead; rgal - transcending; so, transcending from the level of the forehead or peak]

3. Jeffrey Hopkins Dictionary

བརྒལ་རྒལ་བརྒལད་རྒོལད་
Hopkins' Translations: [skull-cross over]; leap-over Comment: In the Great Completeness (rdzogs chen) in Nying-ma, essential purity (ka dag) is paired with breakthrough (khregs chod; literally, breaking through the hard) while spontaneity (lhun grub) is paired with leap-over (thod rgal) in ka dag khregs chod lhun grub thod rgal.

4. Jim Valby Dictionary

creative light, advanced practice for developing one's vision according to the upadesha series, direct approach, direct crossing, teleportational reconcealment, SA sgron ma bzhi, snang ba bzhi, working with light, esoteric practice of realization, vision of the light, upward jump, skull cross (cross the bridge which separates samsara from nirvana during the time when one has a skull), direct passage, 1 of snyoms par 'jug pa dgu, Thodgal, passing over the summit (the development of vision practice in the Dzogchen Upadesha), surpassing the pinnacle, leapover, transcendence, quantum leap, method of contemplation of light by which rdzogs chen practitioners attain the 'ja' lus without leaving mortal remains at death

5. Rangujung Yeshe Dictionary

  • Tögal. 'Direct crossing.' Dzogchen has two main sections: Trekchö and Tögal. The former emphasizes primordial purity (ka dag) and the latter spontaneous presence (lhun grub)

  • 1) bypass, overpass, by passing, passing over, to skip the grades, bypass gradual steps, surpassing, crossing, crossing over / above. 2) crossing in one leap, in leaps and bounds. 2) Tögal, Direct Crossing, simultaneous passing; Sudden jump; Passing Over; instantaneous directness, lit. passing over the summit

  • Direct crossing

  • Sudden jump, here means to jump to a higher level while skipping the grades or steps in between

6. Richard Barron Dictionary

surpassing ordinary experience/ the pinnacle point; (making) the final leap (into primordial being)*

7. bod rgya tshig mdzod chen mo

[1195] 1༽ རིམ་པ་འཆོལ་བ། ... རིམ་པ་འོག་མ་ནས་གོང་དུ་ཐོད་རྒལ་གྱིས་འཛེགས་པ། ... 2༽ ལྷུན་གྲུབ་ཐོད་རྒལ་དང་དོན་གཅིག་

8. Thupten Phuntsok Dictionary

(1) རིམ་པ་འཆོལ་བ། རིམ་པ་འོག་མ་ནས་གོང་དུ་ཐོད་རྒལ་གྱི་འཛེགས་པ། (2) ལྷུན་གྲུབ་ཐོད་རྒལ་དང་དོན་གཅིག

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