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Feature Type:
Temple Monastery Temple Complex

One of the most holy sites in Tibet, the Tsuklakkhang (gtsug lag khang) is the heart of Lhasa, surrounded by the Barkor (bar skor) circumambulation route. The temple is also called the Jokhang (jo khang) because in its central wooden structure it houses the Jowo (jo bo), a statue of the young Buddha said to have been brought to Tibet by Wencheng, the Chinese wife of the Tibetan emperor Songtsen Gampo (srong btsan sgam po). The temple was originally built around 640 CE to house the buddha image brought by Songtsen Gampo's Nepalese wife, Bhṛkutī, but this statue was later switched with that of Wencheng. The temple complex has gradually expanded over the centuries. It remains today one of the most popular pilgrimage sites in Tibet.

  • ཇོ་ཁང་། (Tibetan, Tibetan script, Original)
    • Jokhang Temple (Tibetan, Latin script, THL Simplified Tibetan Transcription)
    • Jokhang (Tibetan, Latin script, THL Simplified Tibetan Transcription)
    • jo khang (Tibetan, Latin script, THL Extended Wylie Transliteration)
  • ལྷ་ལྡན་ར་ས་འཕྲུལ་སྣང་གཙུག་ལག་ཁང་། (Tibetan, Tibetan script, Original)
    • Lhaden Rasa Trülnang Tsuklakkhang (Tibetan, Latin script, THL Simplified Tibetan Transcription)
    • lha ldan ra sa 'phrul snang gtsug lag khang (Tibetan, Latin script, THL Extended Wylie Transliteration)
    • ལྷ་ལྡན་ར་ས་འཕྲུལ་སྣང་གི་གཙུག་ལག་ཁང་། (Tibetan, Tibetan script, Expansion)
      • Lhaden Rasa Trülnanggi Tsuklakkhang (Tibetan, Latin script, THL Simplified Tibetan Transcription)
      • lha ldan ra sa 'phrul snang gi gtsug lag khang (Tibetan, Latin script, THL Extended Wylie Transliteration)
    • ལྷ་ས་གཙུག་ལག་ཁང་། (Tibetan, Tibetan script, Contraction)
      • Lhasa Tsuklakkhang (Tibetan, Latin script, THL Simplified Tibetan Transcription)
      • lha sa gtsug lag khang (Tibetan, Latin script, THL Extended Wylie Transliteration)
      • གཙུག་ལག་ཁང་། (Tibetan, Tibetan script, Contraction)
    • ལྷ་ལྡན་གཙུག་ལག་ཁང་། (Tibetan, Tibetan script, Contraction)
      • Lhaden Tsuklakkhang (Tibetan, Latin script, THL Simplified Tibetan Transcription)
      • lha ldan gtsug lag khang (Tibetan, Latin script, THL Extended Wylie Transliteration)
      • Lhaden Tsuglakhang (Tibetan, Latin script, Tibet Heritage Fund System of Tibetan Transcription)
Etymology for ལྷ་ལྡན་ར་ས་འཕྲུལ་སྣང་གཙུག་ལག་ཁང་།:

Literally, "god-possessing-wall/goat-place-magically-manifest-temple." In reference to this place, Lha ldan and ra sa are alternates for Lha sa. Ra sa could mean either walled-place, such as medieval walled-enclosure, or goat-place in reference to the domesticated animals who carried dirt to fill-in the lake under the temple before construction began. 'phrul snang refers to the mythology surrounding the construction of the temple, especially Songtsen Gampo's act of magically manifesting many avatars of himself to assist in the construction. gtsug lag khang is a term that generally means temple, but is sometimes used to specifically refer to temples founded during the imperial era of Tibetan history.

Place ID: F15474

Geocode Name: GB Code - Ryavec, Code: gb.ryavec

Geocode Name: Aufschnaiter Lhasa Map ID, Code: auf.id

Geocode Name: Tibet Heritage Fund Lhasa Building ID, Code: thf.id

Geocode Name: Lhasa Atlas ID, Code: la.id

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